DivAirCity H2020


About Castellón

Castellón has approximately a population of 172,000 inhabitants. It is the capital city of the homonymous province within the Valencian Community and it is located on the south-eastern Spanish Costa de Azahar.

Its architecture is influenced by the different era with a small old town which dates back to the middle ages, the 15ht century Palace of Sant Miquel, and the symbolic El Fadrì with arab influences standing right next to the Cathedral of Santa Maria de la Assuncion.

La Marina and El Grau are two areas full of city life and highly touristic. 

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Why was it chosen as a ‘Pilot City’

The city of Castellón is applying innovative procurement methods, and its goal is to include DivAirCity criteria in the public tenders. The area of intervention is located in an area where neighbours are particularly concerned about air quality, due to the proximity of the petrochemical industry, which has been impacting the air quality in the area. The petrochemical companies (Iberdrola, and British Petroleum) will be engaged in the project. The interventions will target urban transformation through NBS to reduce human exposure to pollution, improve air quality and decarbonization, and increase social justice and inclusion. The city has been awarded to take part in the Intelligent City Challenge. The city has set up a Municipal Council for Equal Opportunities for Women and Men, as well as a Social Council to address all social challenges in the city. Castellón is a member of the Covenant of Mayors.

The main objectives of the city of Castellón are:

Public Procurement Innovation toward air quality and decarbonization aspects

A greener and more resilient city

Social justice and social inclusion

The Castellón Living Lab is centred around the integration of NBS in policies and innovative public procurement to solve urban challenges

Area of Intervention

In Castellón, the site for intervention is the street Carrer de la Marina Espanola – a street that connects the Parc de la Panderola with the primary school C.E.I.P. La Marina and is used by many school children (pedestrians) commuting to and from school every day. There are only a few shops on the street whereas it is mostly apartment buildings with residents parking their cars directly on the street. Casal Jove, a youth community centre, houses different youth activities and has a vast ‘empty’ public space in front of the building that could make room for a temporary intervention. The Centre Polifunctional La Marina, a museum/ exhibition centre is also located on Carrer de la Marina Espanola. 

Activities in the City

The solutions are yet to be decided as part of the co-creation activities within the project, but some actions have been suggested:

  • Green Infrastructure such as Low Boundary Walls.
  • Trees in street canyons in thought locations to enhance ventilation and air pollution dispersion patterns.
  • Vegetation barriers such as Green walls, hedges or Hedge Rows, reduce human exposure to air pollution.
  • Pedagogy of data activities will be performed to increase awareness.
  • Public Space interventions and Urban environmental measures for air pollution mitigation such as temporary pedestrianization and integration of NBS to mitigate air pollution, create safer public spaces and enhance social networking.

Casal Jove

Transform the public space of the Youth
Center by making it greener, more accessible
and more energy-efficient.

Trees and greenery will be placed to create
shade, reduce the human exposure to air
pollution, CO2 reduction/absorption and to
increase biodiversity.

Solar PV panels will also be placed in the
building to produce energy.

Also, benches and other urban elements will
be introduced for activating the space and
make it accessible and inclusive.

La Marina Española Street

Reduce motorized traffic at certain moments
of the day to reduce exposure to air
pollution, combined with green elements to
provide shade and wellbeing.

This will be combined with measures to
promote pedestrianization, green parklets,
promote public transport and public bikes
service, and connecting all these
interventions with a citizen’s card that
promotes the behavioural change needed
giving incentives through a blockchain
application and ensuring equity in access to
the services and public space for everybody.

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